Warm Season Grasses

Pasture and Warm-Season Forages

One of the most important decisions a forage producer must make is which variety or varieties to plant. Many varieties of forage crops are marketed in Louisiana. To help farmers make logical choices among crops and varieties, the Louisiana State University Agricultural Center conducts variety trials and makes suggestions each year for warm-season forages.Warm-season perennial grasses grown in the Southern region are of tropical origin and grow mainly during the late spring, summer and early autumn. These grasses become dormant and remain unproductive during the winter months. The optimum planting date for these grasses is from March 1 to June 1, but they can also be planted anytime during the growing season when soil moisture is adequate.

In Winn Parish the two most common warm season pasture varieties of grasses used today are Bermuda grass and Bahia grass. These two grasses supply ample forage for livestock when they are managed properly and have correct amounts of fertilize and lime applied to the fields. To obtain a proper fertilize and lime recommendation a soil sample needs to be pulled on the field and the cost is $16.00. Bermudagrass can be established by sprigs or seeds depending on the variety you select, and Bahia grass is established by seeds.

Bermuda grass

Bermuda grass can be grown throughout Louisiana and is adapted to most soil types. Both seed-propagated and vegetative propagated varieties are available. Seeded varieties should be planted at a rate of 5 pounds of hulled seed per acre. The hybrid varieties should be planted with enough material to give about 7,500 plants per acre.

Hybrids: Alicia, Brazos, Coastal, Tifton, Russell, and Jiggs

Seeded: Common

Bahia grass

Bahia grass is widely grown throughout Louisiana and is particularly adapted to well-drained and low fertility soils.It should be seeded at a rate of 15 pounds per acre.

Argentine, Pensacola and Tifton

For more information on soil sampling, pasture establishment and care contact County Agent Donny Moon at 318-628-4528.

4/3/2020 1:59:38 PM
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