4-H Woodman Skills Rules

General Rules 4-H Woodman's Skills Contest

Safety equipment (saw chaps) will be required for events such as cross-cut sawing and bow sawing. Contestants in 4-H Woodsman's Skills Contest at the Louisiana Forest Festival must be bona-fide members of their parish 4-H Club. Contestants comprising a team may enter in no more than four team and four individual events. A third individual (boy/girl) event is allowed only for tree-leaf identification, or tree measuring contest. Team events are cross-cut sawing and log rolling. Individual events are bow-sawing, pulp stick throwing, rope climbing, match splitting, and leaf identification. Contestants must be pre-registered in the vents prior to the contest day. Competing sequence in the events will be determined by the luck of the draw by team representatives and officials prior to start of the contest. First place trophies will be awarded to contestants in each event and by boy, girl and boy/girl divisions as applicable. Ribbons will be awarded in the same manner for second, third, fourth, and fifth place. In addition, paints will be awarded as follows: First place - 10 points; Second place - 8 points; Third place - 6 paints; Fourth place - 4 points; Fifth place - 2 paints. Cumulative paints per event will form team scores to determine the Championship Team. In the event of a tie, which would affect the placings in the separate events, additional attempts will be added to that contest until the tie is broken. The Champion Team will receive a permanent trophy plus a traveling trophy to be kept until the next year and returned to the Louisiana Forestry Festival. The second and third place teams will each receive a trophy.

Log Rolling

Each competing team may enter boy/boy, girl/girl and boy/girl contestants in the log rolling contest. Only cant-hooks supplied by contestants or officials may be used to roll and 11 "-12" diameter log 8-10 feet long from the starting gate (two wooden stakes driven into the ground 2 feet wider than the length of log) to and around an empty barrel 50 feet away, and back through the gate. The log official will give the starting signal to contestants as follows: Five-four-three-two-one-start. The official time will begin as the official says start and will end when the contestants have rolled the log from the gate around the barrel and completely back through the gate. Official timing will be with a stopwatch capable of recording minutes, seconds, and hundredths of seconds. The log may be advanced over the course only by cant-hooks to roll the log. The log may be drug sideways but may not be advanced forward by being drug. The log must be rolled through gate and on course from gate to barrel and return. A ten-second penalty will also be assessed each time the barrel is touched by either the log or the contestants. If either of the gate stakes is touched a ten-second penalty will be assessed. In the event a gate stake is knocked over, the ten-second penalty is assessed plus the log must be rolled back through the gate, the stake must be driven back into place and then the log must be rolled advanced through the gate completely to finish the timing.

Time Limit

  • Boy/Boy - 4 minutes
  • Boy/Girl - 5 minutes
  • Girl/Girl - 6 minutes

Pulpwood Stick Throwing

Each competing team may enter one boy and one girl in the pulpwood stick throwing contest.

A stick of wood 5'3" long, 3"-4" in diameter at the small end and marked at the center of the slick length with 1/2-inch painted band around the stick will be used in this contest. Contestants will remain behind a starting line six feet long and throw the stick for accuracy at a stake driven into the ground 20 feet from and perpendicular to center of the starting line. Officials will determine the accuracy of the throw by measuring the distance from the stake to the nearest part of the painted band on the pulpwood stick. Each contestant will be allowed three (3) throws and the closest effort will be recorded as the official result. Should the contestant cross over the starting line during a throw, the officials will rule the attempt as a "scratch" and no measure for throwing accuracy will be taken. That attempt will count as one of the contestant's three (3) throws.

Bow Sawing

Each competing team may enter one boy and one girl in the bow-sawing contest. Contestants may use their own or a supplied bowsaw to saw a cross-section from an 8" diameter log properly secured in a suitable stationary rack. The bow-saw official will give the starting signal to contestants as follow: Five-four-three-two-one-start. The official time will begin as the official says start and will end when the contestants completely sever the cross-section slice from the log and it hits the ground. Official timing will be with a stopwatch capable of recording minutes, seconds, and Hundredths of a second. A second person may work with the bow-saw contestant as an oiler to spray light oil on the saw blade to reduce friction.

Time Limit

  • Boy - 2 minute
  • Girl - 3 minutes

Rope Climbing

Each competing team may enter one boy and one girl in the rope climbing contest. A one inch diameter grass rope suspended from a substantial rack ten feet above ground level will be used.

Contestants will start from a sitting position on the ground with legs extended. The official will give the starting signal as follows: Five-four-three-two-one-start. From a sitting position at the start, the contestant will be required to climb the rope to touch the bottom of the supporting rack. The boy contestant must use only the arms and shoulders to climb the rope. Girl contestants may use their legs and feet only after clearing the ground. The official time will begin as the official says start and will end when the contestant rings the bell at the top of the rope. Official timing will be with a stopwatch capable of recording minutes, seconds, and hundredths of seconds. Each contestant will have two attempts in the rope climbing event. The fastest timing will be accepted as the official result.

  • Contestants may not use their feet to push off the ground.
  • Girls may use rope with knots tied every 14 inches.

Tree Leaf Identification

Each competing team may enter one contestant, boy or girl, in the tree identification contest.

Each contestant will be required to identify, by common name, 25 fresh-cut specimens from trees taken from the official listing of trees for 4-H Short Course Forestry Study Contest. Contestants will be given two points for each correct answer. A deduction of one point will be assessed for each misspelled tree name. First place will be awarded to the contestant with the highest total points. In the event of ties additional tree specimens will be identified by those contestants with tied scored.

Each contestant should bring a clip board.

Tree List for 4-H University Contest

American beech, American holly, American basswood, bald cypress, black cherry, buckeye, river birch, eastern red, cedar, redbud, black locust, honey locust, hackberry, blackgum, black willow, green ash, eastern cottonwood, flowering dogwood, American elm, winged elm, sassafras, red mulberry, sweetgum, sycamore, yellow-poplar, red maple, sugar maple, silver maple, boxelder, southern magnolia, sweetbay, common persimmon, blackjack, oak, post oak, cherrybark oak, cow oak, live oak, water oak, willow oak, white oak, Shumard oak, southern red oak, sweet pecan, mockernut, hickory, black walnut, loblolly, pine, longleaf pine, shortleaf pine, slash pine, spruce pine, Virginia pine.

Tree Measure/Tree Volume

Each competing team may enter one contestant, boy or girl, in the tree measuring contest. A Biltmore stick will be used by the contestant to determine the total volume per acre as estimated by measuring ten designated trees representing a specified plot size such as 1/10-acre, 1/5 acre, ¼ acres, etc. Free diameters will be measured at d.b.h. (4-1/2 feet above ground level) and will be taken to the nearest 2-inch class. Tree heights (merchantable length)' will be taken to the nearest full half-log for saw timber. A half-log is defined as being 8 feet long. The minimum tree will be 10 inches d.b.h (diameter breast high) one merchantable long length and have a minimum top diameter of 8 inches.

All volumes will be found in a volume table furnished to the contestant. All values, DBH, tree height and volumes will be recorded on the official score sheet. The individual tree volumes will be added up to arrive at a total plot volume which then must multiplied by the appropriate factor representing the plot size. For example: 1/10 acres multiply by 10; 1/5 acre multiply by 5; 1/4 acre multiply by 4, etc ... to arrive at the volume per acre.

Twenty-five points are possible in this contest. Points will be allotted based on the % of the Official volume which the contestant estimates. Example: if 3500 board feet is official volume and the contestant's estimate is 3200 board feet, then the contestants score is 3200 divided 3500 + .91 % of 25 - 22.75 points. The contestant with the highest number of points will be awarded 1" place. In the event of ties for placings, the official will use the accuracy of diameter measurements to determine winners. Should ties still exist after diameters, and heights of tree are considered, then additional trees will be selected for measurement.

Each contestant should bring a clip board.

  • Merchantable length for this contest will be taken to the limiting 8" top diameter or to obvious limiting defects such as a forked trunk or a large side limb which would restrict additional log length.

    *The DBH will be in 2-inch classes.

Insect and Disease ID

Each competing team may enter one contestant, boy or girl, in the insect and disease contest.

Contestants will be required to identify by common name ten (10) insects from the list below and ten (10) diseases from the list below. Insect and diseases must be identified by the name given. No other names will be accepted. Answers will be scored as totally correct or totally incorrect. No partial credit will be given for identification.

One fourth (1/4'") point will be deducted for misspelling. The spelling must be the same as that on the insect and disease list. including capitalization.

Insect List

  • forest tent caterpillar
  • eastern tent caterpillar
  • fall webworm
  • whitemarked tussock moth
  • locust borer
  • pine webworm
  • slug oak sawfly
  • redheaded pine sawfly
  • Texas leaf cutting ant
  • black turpentine beetle
  • Ips engraver beetles
  • southern pine beetle
  • Nantucket pine tip moth
  • pales weevil
  • periodical cicada

Disease List

  • black knot
  • Nectria canker
  • Hypoxylon canker
  • heart rots
  • needle casts
  • brown spot needle blight
  • cedar-apple rust
  • red heart
  • annosus root rot
  • fusiform rust
  • leaf blister
  • lichens
  • leaf spots
  • mistletoe

Match Splitting

Each competing team may enter one boy and one girl in the match-splitting contest.

Contestants may use their own or a supplied ax with a standard-length ax handle. A match will be set vertically (head up) in a hole drilled in the center of a circular wood block approximately two feet in diameters and 18 inches high. Each contestant will be given five (5) attempts to split the match. Each of the five (5) attempts will have to begin at least 18 inches directly above the top of the match. Ten points will be awarded to the contestant if the match is either split or if the striking head is ignited.Five paints will be awarded in the match is cut without splitting. Two paints will be allowed if the match is broken by the cutting edge of the ax, but not if broken by the flat sides of the ax. One point will be given if the nearest paint on the blade of the ax is within 1/4 inch of the match. One-half point will be given if the nearest point on the ax is within 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch of the match. Proximity paints will be awarded only if points are not scored by striking, cutting, or breaking the match. Contestants must wait for the contest judge to determine paints before removing the ax from the block.

Cross-Cut Sawing•

Each competing team may enter boy/boy, girl/girl and boy/girl contestants in the two-person cross-cut sawing. Contestants may use their own or a supplied two-man cross-cut saw to saw a cross-section slice from an 11" diameter log secured in a suitable stationary rack. The cross-cut saw official will give the starting signal to contestants as follows: Five-four-three-two-one-start. The official time will begin as the official says start and will end when the contestants completely sever the cross-section slice from the log and the cross section hits the ground. Official timing will be with a stop-watch capable of recording minutes, seconds, and hundredths of seconds. A third person may work with the cross-cut saw contestants as an oiler to spray light oil on the saw blade to reduce friction. All must wear saw chaps.

Time Limits

  • Boy/Boy - 3 minutes
  • Boy/Girl - 4 minutes
  • Girl/Girl - 5 minutes

Woodsman Skills Axe Throw

  1. Three (3) throws will be allowed: The 1" throw will be a practice throw. The 2"" and 3" throw will be totaled for a score.
  2. Center ring 1 0 points
    200:1 ring from center 8 points
    3m ring from center 6 points
    4th ring from center 4 points
    5th outer ring 2 points
  3. If an axe blade is touching the line, the higher value will be awarded.
  4. One boy and one girl from each team will be allowed to participate.

Equipment needed for axe throw: Double bit axe

Wood Splitting

  1. The contestant will select a 20-inch piece of oak wood that will be provided by the judge.
  2. The judge will start the contestant with a count of 1-2-3 and the clock will start. The clock will stop when the wood is split in four (4) approximately equal portions. (This is based on judge's decision.)
  3. One boy and one girl from each team will be allowed to participate.

Equipment Needed: Axe, Boots and Jeans. No Shorts or Tennis Shoes Will Be Allowed. If Shorts or Tennis Shoes Are Worn The Participants(S) Scores Will Not Be Counted.

4/3/2020 2:43:06 PM
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