Common Fruit Tree Insect and Disease Problems and There Control
With many fruit trees blooming and preparing to set fruit, now is the time to be spraying fungicide to eliminate fruit problems, in the future. Many people around the parish have blueberries, mayhaws, plums, Muscadines, blackberries, apples, figs, peaches and pears planted around their homes for fruit production. It is important to spray fungicides during the bloom period to reduce the transmission of disease by insects and other means of disease transmission. Fungicide will not affect your pollination by bee and other pollinators. This is why you wait until petal fall to start using pesticides.
Below are some examples of some simplified spray schedules for the home owner to use during fruit production. You, as a producer, need to remember to follow the label directions on the chemical you are using because the label is the law.
Spray Schedule for following fruits:
Plum/peaches Malathion 57%EC Captan
Carbaryl (Sevin 50%) Fungonil
Muscadines Malathion 57%EC Copper Sulfate
Carbaryl (Sevin 50%)
Blueberries Malathion 57%EC Captan
Carbaryl (Seven 50%) Quadris
Blackberries Malathion 57%EC Captan
Carbaryl (Sevin 50%) Quadris
Apples Carbaryl (Sevin 50% Captan
Mustang Max Thiophanate-methyl
Figs Malathion 57% EC Copper Sulfate
Pears Mustang Max Mancozeb
Carabaryl (Sevin 50%)
Mayhaws Mustang Max Nova
Streptoymycin sulfate can be used for fire blight control on apples, mayhaws, pears and peaches. These chemicals came from LSU AgCenter Publication 1802, Louisiana Plant Disease Management Guide; 1838; Louisiana Insect Pest Management Guide; and 1884 The Louisiana Home Orchard.
Remember to spray on a weekly schedule to keep insect and disease under control. For more information contact County agent Donny Moon at 628-4528.